The very famous Lal paar saree or simply the saree with red border is an integral part of Bengali women. Especially, when it is Durga puja, Bengali women compulsory opt to wear a Lal par saree with much love and grandeur. It is because the red and white sarees are considered very auspicious. In a lal paar saree, White stands for purity while red symbolizes fertility.
There are lots of variations of red and white sarees like tussar, jamdani, tant, garad and garad-Korial, muslin, Korial-Banarasi and so on.
Tussar silk is also known as Tassar or wild silk which is collected from forest silkworm when cocoons are dried under the sun. Tussar silk is very famous for its natural Gold color. Tussar silk is basically used in creation of tussar silk sarees. The off gold texture and wave works is suitable for embroideries as well as print motifs which have been inspired by nature. The flower design and the shape of leaves and leaflets, buds, bels, trees are source of inspiration for tussar silk.
One of the varieties of the finest muslin, figured or flowered, Jamdani is a woven fabric in cotton. Jamdani originates from Bangladesh said to be patronized by imperial warrants of the Mughal emperors. It is said to be the most artistic textile of Bangladeshi weavers.
It is a supplementary weft technique, where the artistic motifs are produced by a non-structural weft, in addition to the standard weft that holds the warp threads together. The standard weft creates a fine, sheer fabric while the supplementary weft with thicker threads adds the intricate patterns to it. Each supplementary weft motif is added separately by hand by interlacing the weft threads into the warp with fine bamboo sticks using individual spools of thread. The result is a myriad of vibrant patterns that appear to float on a shimmering surface. Interestingly, the pattern is drawn on a graph paper and placed underneath the warp. The fine muslin jamdani is often a mixture of cotton and gold thread.
The famous tant sarees of West Bengal are usually woven in variety of paisley, floral and and other artistic motifs.
Garad and garad korial:
The famous garad silk saree represents serenity and purity in its simple red border and a striped pallav with a plain white silk base. Garad means white and gets its name from the mulberry silk threads from which cloths are woven is not dyed therefore it is pure. Because of this purity, cloth has made the best choice for religious events. Bengali woman usually love to wear Garad silk saree during Durga puja.
The muslin sarees are exotic version of jamdani sarees and it is very popular for women. The speciality of muslin jamdani saree is light weight, transparent with hand thread work of floral and geometric design.
Korial-Banarasi: Korial Banarasi sarees
It has off-white base with jari work all over the body that are speciality of banarasi silk and furnish with red border and pallav of the sarees.
The fusion of baluchari silk saree in red and white looks very elegant. It is a hand woven saree and using exquisitely dyed silk, with gold zari and intricate motifs depicting Indian mythology woven on its large ‘pallu'.
May you all have a very happy Durga Puja